You can treat the irritation and redness caused by a pterygium or pinguecula with simple eye drops, such as Systane Plus or Blink lubricants.
If you suffer from inflammation, a course of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drops (e.g. Acular, Voltaren Ophtha) may help.
Steroid eye drops can also be used in some cases, but only under the close supervision of your ophthalmologist, as they may have side effects.
In more serious cases, we recommend surgery to remove your pterygium.
The surgery takes just 30 to 40 minutes and is performed under local anaesthetic.
Your surgeon will carefully remove the pterygium from your eye, and cover the area with a small graft of your own healthy conjunctiva. You won’t feel any pain or discomfort during surgery, though your eye will feel scratchy for a few days afterwards, and will be red for a couple of weeks. You’ll need to use eye drops for about a month, and any stitches used will dissolve naturally. Natural tissue glue is often used now instead of stitches to aid healing and comfort. You can discuss this with your surgeon.
A pinguecula will not grow across your cornea in the same way that a pterygium can. Therefore, we seldom use surgery to remove a pinguecula. However, suppose the pinguecula becomes a pterygium, or grows very large and does not respond to eye drops. In that case, a simple surgical procedure can be used to remove it.