Treatment options include:
Anti-vascular endothelial growth factors or Anti-VEGF’s such as Avastin and Eylea are medications that help to prevent vision loss and in some circumstances restore some vision loss due to diabetic retinopathy.
Patients who have reached the proliferative retinopathy stage – where abnormal blood vessels grow on the retina – can be treated with a procedure called laser photocoagulation. Here we use a laser to seal off leaking blood vessels and prevent further growth of blood vessels, leading to loss of vision.
If you have blurred vision because of a vitreous haemorrhage – where blood leaks into the ‘gel’ that fills the eye – you may also need a vitrectomy. Vitrectomy is also used for retinal detachment caused by diabetes.
Cataract and glaucoma treatment
Sometimes diabetic retinopathy can also cause cataracts and glaucoma, in which case you may need a cataract operation or glaucoma treatment as well.